Pediatric dentists perform dental procedures that are similar to general dentists. However, because of their specialized training, they are equipped to handle many difficult behavioral situations and treat many types of patients, including infants, young children, adolescents and people with physical or mental disabilities.

Pediatric dentists commonly use behavioral guidance techniques on patients to alleviate any fear and anxiety, and in situations that may be painful. While there are many behavioral approaches, a pediatric dentist will always take into consideration the child's dental needs, their emotional and intellectual maturity, and a parent's preferences.